Understanding equality

“Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. It is also the belief that no one should have poorer life chances because of the way they were born, where they come from, what they believe, or whether they have a disability.

Equality recognises that historically certain groups of people with protected characteristics such as race, disability, sex and sexual orientation have experienced discrimination.”
Equality and Human Rights commision. (2021)

Equality means “the state of being equal.” It’s one of the ideals a democratic society, and so the fight to attain different kinds of equality, like racial equality, gender equality, or equality of opportunity between rich and poor, is often associated with progress toward that ideal of everyone being truly equal. Equality is quite simply defined as two or more things being of equal state, appearance, or value. As a concept or theory, this seems rather straightforward and easy to understand. But, when the idea of equality is applied to people, the concept always seems to become a bit more difficult to tackle.

Different types of Equality

When we identify different kinds of inequalities that exist in our society, various thinkers and ideologies have highlighted three main dimensions of equality namely – social, political and economic. It is only by addressing each of these three different dimensions of equality can we move towards a more just and equal society.

Social equality concerns the distribution of all people within a specific society or isolated group, having the same status in certain respects, including civil rights and equal rights to social goods and services such as health care, income, opportunity and education. Social equality also requires the absence of discrimination motivated by a persons identity like gender, race, class, income or property, religion and disabilities.


Political equality is elaborated as the grant of equal rights and freedoms to all people and social groups. All people are to be treated equally before law and compromises of the enjoyment of similar civil liberties by all citizens. Examples of this type of equality is the right to vote, government services for public education and facilities.


And lastly economic equality, the concept or idea of fairness in economics, particularly in regard to taxation. Economic inequalities are probably the most obviously shown by peoples different positions within economic distribution – income, pay, wealth.

What can I do?

– Educate yourself and your surroundings.

– Know your rights! Read more at:https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/equality-act/know-your-rights

– Be active in protests, campaigns and events to support the discussion.

– Support organisations or volunteer.

– Don´t be afraid to stand up to bullies

– Share news, events and helpful facts on social media. Knowledge is power!

By Team Signature Reports
By Team Signature Reports